ENGLISH
Follow the research guidelines Mr. McGill has given youin relation to writing your own ghost story.

biwa-hoshi- Someone who playes the biwa, a traditional Japanese insturament.
acolyte- Any atendant, assistant, or follower to a preist or minister.
retainers- A servant or an attendant who has served a family for many years.
conjecture- A formation or expression of an opinion or theory without sufficient evidence or proof.
reticence- Desposed to be silent, or not being able to speak freely.
bewitched- To cast a spell over.
sutra- Writings of hinduism.

Story line ( plot ) for Japanese ghost story - draft

Yorihito, the emperor's brother, marries a lady from a rich aristocratic family. One day he decides to travel to Osaka. There he meets a young beautiful girl named Haruko. They fall in love, and it was just a matter of time until Haruko got pregnant. When Yorihito heard about Haruko, he was very troubled. He did not tell Haruko that he was married, or that he was the emperor's brother. To protect his love, and his reputation, Yorihito murders Haruko, and her unborn child. After Yorihito returns to his palace in Kyoto, Haruko comes back and haunts him for what he did to her, and drags him to his death.

Setting: Kyoto, imperial palace/ Osaka. Heian period (794-1185). Around autumn.
Characters: Tatsuko, The emperor's brother, Haruko.

Rising action: When the Emperor's brother decides to kill haruko.
Climax: when Haruko came back to drag the Emperor's brother down with her.
Resolution: The Emperor's brother dissapeared and was never seen again.
Conflict: between Haruko and the Emperor's brother when he finds out that Haruko is pregnent with his child




Naomi North
May 23, 2010

The Emperor’s Brother


In the Heian period of Japan, the emperor did not have any real political power. So instead of being involved with politics, the emperor spent his time and money on parties, women, and expensive kimonos (a traditional style of Japanese clothing). The emperor’s younger brother, Yorihito, was very different form the emperor. Yorihito tried his best to construct an organized, simple, and successful life, which would lead him to power, so he could one day, possibly rule Japan by him self. At the beginning of spring, Yorihito married a lady from a rich aristocratic family. Her name was Tatsuko, and she was a very beautiful and calm lady with dark long hair, but was not very young. Their wedding was very small, and only the emperor and a few of his close friends were invited. Tatsuko was a perfect bride for Yorihito, for they both longed for a simple, peaceful life. They were very happy together, and spent their life together in the imperial palace.
One day, in early autumn, Yorihito decided to visit Osaka’s fish markets to see if there were any fine fish that he could serve to his guests at his 25th birthday party. Yorihito did not wish for a big celebration, but the emperor insisted that if he were to have a gathering, he should make it a big one, so that he could introduce Tatsuko to all his friends sense not very many people knew he had married Tatsuko. Yorihito arrived in Osaka at around midnight and needed a place to stay. Yorihito and his servants found a ryokan (a Japanese hotel) that was not very expensive. They opened the sliding door of the ryokan and went inside. The interior of the ryokan had wooden walls and floors that were carefully polished. There was a long hallway that led to the tatami room. The tatami were clean, and had that distinguished sent of incense that were smelt at tea parties in the imperial palace. The Owner appeared from the hallway. The owner was a woman who was about 50 years old. She came out wearing a green embroidered kimono with a fan tucked into her obi (part of a kimono that goes across a person’s waist). Her hair was long, and was tied with a white strip of cloth. By the looks of her style, she looked like an upper-class peasant. She greeted Yorihito and his men, and led them up to an open room.
“This is where you will be staying. If you need anything please let me know.” Said the owner. She slid the door to the room shut and walked down the hall. Everyone fell right to sleep except Yorihito. In the room where he was staying, there was a balcony. Yorihito stepped outside onto the balcony and gazed out into the night sky. Just when he was about to head back in, he heard someone crying. Yorihito peered out into the street in front of the hotel, and saw a girl, who was about 19 years old. She was weeping. Yorihito asked what was wrong. She answered,
“My mother who owns this ryokan scolded me. I have been out late, and I came home past my curfew. My mother threw me out side as a punishment. I am cold and very tired. Please help me. “Yorihito rushed down to were the girl was standing. He told the girl to stop crying. When she stopped sobbing she looked up at Yorihito. She told him that her name was Haruko. Haruko’s skin was almost like snow. She had rosy cheeks and lovely round eyes. Her hands were small and soft. Her hair was long and looked similar to the ryokan owner’s. Yorihito was a very trustworthy man. He was happy with Tatsuko, and was satisfied with his life, but this girl had a youthful and vulnerable aura that Tatsuko did not have. Yorihito instantly developed feelings for Haruko, and Haruko felt the same for Yorihito. The two fell in love and had started an affair.
A week passed and the affair continued. No one knew about his affair, but Yorihito kept on making excuses to stay in Osaka so his men became suspicious, but they all knew that Yorihito was an honorable man, and would never do anything that would cause harm to anyone. One night, Haruko asked Yorihito to come to her room at midnight sharp. Yorihito did, and when he pulled open the door to Haruko’s room, he noticed that Haruko was crying. He rushed over to Haruko to see if everything was okay. She took a deep breath and told him that she was pregnant with Yorihito’s baby. Yorihito was shocked. His mind blanked out, and he felt as if he was going to faint.
“Please, you must help me! If my mother finds out, she will torture me! How careless of me to let this happen!” She wiped a tear off her face and sniffled. “You are the father of this baby, and I feel that it is your responsibility to take care of this baby with me. I need you to take me some where safe, so we can be together.” Yorihito told Haruko that he would try to figure something out, and rushed back to his room.
Yorihito thought about his situation. He did care about Haruko, but he was married to Tatsuko. He loved Tatsuko, and he promised her that he would never leave her. He was also the emperor’s brother. If the world found out about his affair with Haruko, His reputation would be ruined, and so will his love with Tatsuko. But the problem was that Haruko was not aware that Yorihito was married, and that he was the emperor’s brother. Yorihito knew that the only way to protect his life was to get rid of Haruko. He came up with a plan, and told Haruko to meet him at the lake near the bamboo forest, which was not far from the ryokan. Haruko came to the lake and rushed over to Yorihito, who was standing near the edge of the lake. When Haruko was about to say something Yorihito grabbed hold of her and knocked her out with a big rock that he gad found before Haruko got there. Yorihito took Haruko’s hands and pulled them together with a metal chain. Then he put heavy rocks into her kimono for weights, and threw her into the lake. He looked into the lake and saw the reflection of his face on the surface of the lake. His face was pale, and his lips were trembling. He whipped the sweat off his face with his sleeve. Yorihito rushed back to the ryokan and told his men that they were leaving immediately.
After a few days, Yorihito arrived in Kyoto and retuned to his beloved wife. Days went by. One night, when Yorihito was about to fall a sleep, he heard sounds coming from the hallway outside his room. The sounds drew closer. He recognized the sounds. Then he remembered that the sounds that were coming his way were those of the chains that were attached to Haruko's body when she was dumped into the lake. Yorihito grabbed his sword and listened as the clinking of the chains came closer. Then suddenly, the doors of his room slammed open, and there stood Haruko, wet, bloody, and covered in seaweed. Her skin had rotted, and half her body was already a skeleton. Her skin that was white as snow had turned into a grey ash color, and was drooping off her face with flesh gushing out underneath it.
“How… could …you…” Haruko spoke as if she was being choked. Yorihito let out a big cry of horror. Haruko grabbed his legs, and pulled him into the pond right out side is room. Yorihito tried to wriggle him self out of Haruko's hands, but her grip was too strong. She pulled him into the pond without a sound, and from then on, Yorihito was never seen again.





HUMANITIES

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_were_the_causes_of_the_Sino-Japanese_war
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0842745.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Japanese_War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Kai-shek

http://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~simon/simons/historyweb/meiji-emperor.html

http://www.jref.com/glossary/ito_hirobumi.shtml

http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/12.html

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Takamori_Saigo.aspx


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fukuzawa_Yukichi

http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/185.html

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/546188/Sino-Japanese-War

http://www.britannica.com/facts/4/97613/Where-did-Fukuzawa-Yukichi-diehttp://alumni.ox.compsoc.net/~gemini/simons/historyweb/sino-war.html

Meiji Graphs
Question 1 answer:
The graph on the bottom of page 261 shows the institutions or groups that profited from the restoration, and the institutions or groups that were destroyed. The bars of the graph are put in groups, close to eachother if they have some sort of a relation. But with in the graph there are bars that are wider and/ or taller than some other bars. I think, that the tallness of the bars show how important that group or institution was, and the wideness of the bars show how long the institution or group lasted.

Question 2 graph:
Preview of your graph
Preview of your graph


Question 3 graphs:

Increase in modern vessels

Preview of your graph
Preview of your graph


Gold and Silver mines
Preview of your graph
Preview of your graph



Land tax paid

Preview of your graph
Preview of your graph


Preview of your graph
Preview of your graph

Follow up questions:
1. The easiest site to make my graphs on was "Creategraph" from the link that Ms.Cheney provided to us because the ways ( instruction/ creating process) was simple and easy to understand. Also, it had a variety of different graphs and it was easy to convert my information into graph form.
2. Something that I would want on a web site that makes graphs is for the site to have a autociting programme, so I can cite my information and show where I took it from.