Animal Farm - Group Four
THEMES AND SYMBOLS
Themes
  • Animalism: The animals live by the rules of Animalism and everything they do if for a better life. They think that if they live by the rules of animalism then their lives would become better and easier, and they have noting else to believe in. Even when Napoleon takes over the animals, they still believe that animalism is the way to live.

“Loge live animal farm.” -Page 83-

  • Fear: The animals are always scared of what will happen if they don’t work hard enough of if they break the rules or if they don’t listen to their leaders. They are worked harder without food because they are scared to ask for food and they are scared of their leaders. Also they are scared of change because they don’t know what will happen, and they don’t know if it will be good or bad. Napoleon gets the animals sacred by showing them what will happen if they don’t follow the rule or if they go against him. He outs fear into the lives of all the animals.

“…with his huge nine dogs frisking round him and uttering growls that sent shivers down all the animal’s spines” -Page 91-


  • Respect: The Animals always had respect for Napoleon even though he doesn’t treat them well of with any respect. Also the animals also had respect for Mr. Jones because he was the one who fed them and he was the one who gave them a place to live. Both Mr. Jones and Napoleon treated the animals unfairly and bad but the animals treated them with respect because they were the leaders of them and had more power than them.
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“If comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right.” -Page 91-

  • Injustice: They animals are worked hard while the pigs and some of the dogs don’t work at all. It’s not fair to the animals because they work hard and they don’t receive much food, but the pigs don’t work at all and receive a lot of food. The pigs think they’re better than everyone else and they use that power to control the other animals. Also the animals are lied to throughout the book. They are told that if they work harder and longer hours now, in the future they wouldn’t have to work to hard. Also they were told that they were all free, but they weren’t. They still had to work hard and had no freedom to choose what they want to do in life.

“All that year the animals worked like slaves.” -Page 73-

  • Totalitarianism: Throughout the book the pigs have total control over the animals and their lives. The animals have no say in how they want their lives and how they want to farm to be, the pigs choose everything. The pigs think that they are always right and that it doesn’t matter what the other animals want because they are stupid and not as smart as the pigs.

It had come to be accepted that the pigs, who were manifestly cleverer than the other animals, should decide all the questions of farm policy…” -page 62-

  • Hypocrites: the pigs are hypocrites because at first they say that all humans are bad and that you must not do things that humans do. Also that you should follow the seven commandants. But after a while the pigs start to acted like humans and they change the commandants because they broke them. So they go against everything that animalism says and what animalism practices.

…looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” -Page 139-

  • Not singing beats of England: by not singing beast of England shows that the farm is no longer a revolution, but now a city. Now that the revolution is over, other revolutions inside the farm will occur, and the animals will start disagreeing with each other. The animals will start to revolt against the leaders.

“Best of England was the song of the Rebellion. But now the Rebellion is complete.” -Page 96-

  • Bad governments: the government (the pigs) is a theme in this book because the pigs don’t think much of the un-educated and lower class animals, and that is like all governments all over the world. People who are not educated do not have a choice in life and they can’t do much with theirs lives. This is like the animals in Animal Farm. So this theme (governments are all the same) shows that you should get an education because without one you will not be recognized by the higher classes and you will get used by the higher classes.

“…was right in saying that the lower class animals on Animal Farm did more work and received less food…” -Page 136-

Symbols external image Oldmajor.jpg
>Old Major - Old Major symbolizes a wise leader of the animals. Old Major had a dream about animals taking over the world. Old Major acts more like a philisophic leader. he also acts like Karl Marx.

"Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished forever.” page 29. external image links_sheep.jpg


>Sheep
- The sheep represents stupidity of the common people. The sheep have troubles remembering long rules or sentences. An example is the Animalism rule. The sheep in Animal Farm could only remember simple sentences for example,

"Four legs good, two legs bad" -page 63- external image horse.jpg


> Boxer - Boxer symbolizes the victims in war that worked hard till their death. Boxer wasn’t intelligent like the pigs but he was big and had very strong muscles and bones. He would always say "I will work harder” Page 75. Boxer was last seen in the book when he had lung problems. He was tricked by Boxer in going to the doom, which was the slaughter’s van. external image happy_hens_ecard_350x350.jpg


> Hens - The hens represents the hard workers that formed unions to settle their working conditions. The hens did not want to sacrifice their eggs to the humans so they dropped and broke their eggs before Napoleon would steal and trade them to the humans. The hens are like the Unions who sacrificed their children.

“…they protested that to take the eggs away now was murder.” page 86 external image USAF_F-16A_F-15C_F-15E_Desert_Storm_pic.jpg

> Pigeons - The pigeons represents the air force during the wars. The air force would drop bombs or shoot weapons at the people like the pigeons pooped on the humans for the first attack.

“All pigeons, to the number of thirty five, flew to and fro over the men’s heads and muted on them upon them from mid-air.”-Page 57- external image napoleon.gif

> Napoleon - Napoleon symbolizes a tyranny leader who never cared about the workers. As Napoleon ruled the farm, he steadily becomes someone like Mr. Jones. He is addicted to whiskeys and didn’t even feed the animals, like Mr. Jones. Napoleon changes the rule of old Major like “All animals are equal” to “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others” page 133. external image russia%2520map.gif

> The Farm - The farm represents a corrupt country where the people rebel against the government who don’t treat the people properly. The farm is ruled by Napoleon in where the 7 commandments are changed to fit him. The 7 commandments are edited by Napoleons assistant, Squealer.

“Long live animal farm.” Page 83.external image brewsters_windmill_exterior.jpg

> Windmill - The windmill represents all the effort and hard work of the animals to build the windmill it self. Boxer was always good at bringing the stones to finish the building of the windmill. Boxer always followed his motto “I will work harder” until the day he was ill and tricked by going to the slaughterer than to the hospital.

“There is worked to be done. This very morning we begin rebuilding the windmill, and we will all through the winter, rain or shine.” -Page 83-external image blackbird.jpg


> Moses - Moses represents a scavenger and a philosopher. Moses talks about non-exiting places for example “Sugarcandy Mountain”- page 37. Moses is Mr. Jones pet bird that always waits for any of the animal to die so that he can eat their flesh, eyeball and inner organs. Moses acts like the Russian Orthodox Church.