Vocabulary
biwa-hoshi - biwa-hoshi is the travelling performers who play a type of four-stringed lute
acolyte - acolyte means a helper or servent who performs ceremonial duties
retainers - a retainer is a servant who has been serving a family for a long time
conjecture - conjecture is a theory that has no proof
reticence - reticence is when you are not speaking up
bewitched - bewitched is to cast a spell
sutra - sutra is a a collection of aphorisms relating to some aspect of the conduct of life

Sources
Japanese Ghost Story
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heian_period
http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/ANCJAPAN/HEIAN.HTM
http://facstaff.elon.edu/sullivan/h&ktimes.htm
http://samurai-archives.com/HeianPeriod.html
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/a/HeianBeauty.htm
http://www.clotheslinejournal.com/heian.html

Japanese Ghost Story – A Dark Destiny
It was the year 1120 in Kyoto where everything was peaceful. There lived a happy fine woman named Fujita Asaki. She was very serious about religious matters. In fact, she was a Buddhist herself. Most of the time, Fujita spent her time writing stories about fantasy, adventure, heroes in the past history and other genres. But, she enjoyed ghost stories the best. Eventhough she was not excellent at writing, her parents whom passed away, were very supportive for her. Every morning, Fujita woke up and dressed nicely. Then, she went straight to the temple nearby and prayed so that she would get a wonderful day. But, what she wants most was a handsome husband.
One day, Fujita woke up feeling very energetic. She was heading straight to the temple until she discovered the perfect man to complete her life. His name was Mori Nagazumi. Mori was also a Buddhist but, he was careless with his money and his job. Although Mori was not that great to become a husband, he was the only who can fill Fujita’s life with happiness. So, they decided to get married. Unfortunately, none of their parents knew about their marriage.
It has been about 2 months and the marriage was not working out. Since Mori drank a lot, Fujita couldn’t concentrate on her writing and the studies of Buddhism. Those were the two things which meant a lot to her. One stormy night, Mori came home with two bottles of wine. He could barely walk as he fell and dropped the bottles just as he entered the house. The two bottles of wine broke as the drips of wine started to form a line right across the living room. At that moment, Fujita realized that she must divorce him. However, she didn’t have good reasons to divorce him. She didn’t have enough money. The wind blew stronger as she looked behind and discovered that her ghost story book started flipping by itself. Fujita approached slowly until a picture of a man appeared. He was holding a doll with pins sticking into it. The doll bleed badly as the man’s hands started to get redder and redder. He seemed to have kept torturing it. Fujika closed the book trying to forget that picture. However, it was too late. Fujika had studied the teachings of supernatural. She made her mind up and proceeded with the solution of killing her husband using the teachings of supernatural.
The next morning, Fujika ran away along with her ghost story book, a doll and several sharp pins. Mori was left behind feeling nothing about his wife as he started walking to the temple. Fujika finally arrived at the lake where her brother used to take her to. It was where Fujika’s brother was drowned because he saw a strange figure in the lake. It was also when Fujika started learning Buddhism to take her mind off the horrific lost of her brother. Fujika started collecting rocks to form a fire. After a while, she sat down calmly and started saying words that were hard to be understood. Then, she held the doll tightly and started poking it with the needles. The doll began to turn fresh red as Fujika kept torturing it with a wicked looking face.
At that same time, Mori began to feel ill. No one was there to help him. He tried to walk towards the Buddhist statue but fell down instantly. Blood started coming out from his mouth, nose and his eyes. With a shock, he screamed out loud trying to ease off the pain. Suddenly, holes started to burst throughout his skin. He looked towards a big Buddhist statue, trying to lift his hands up whilst saying, ‘Please forgive me for whatever I have done wrong’. Within a few moments, he closed his eyes and died.
After a few days, Fujika returned to check on her dead husband. She went to Mori’s graveyard and tossed the tortured doll with a chuckle. But, Fujika was still unsatisfied about getting a husband. As time passes by, her personality changed. She was no longer writing stories. Every night, she opens up her ghost story book and sat for hours, looking at the scary and dreadful pictures. It was as if she’s trying to follow and experience the events in those photos.
On the following day, Fujika headed straight towards a theatre nearby. But, she stumbled with two people whom she never expected to meet. They were Mori’s parents. They walked towards Fujika and started to ask questions. Fujika tried retreat but, she had a secret weapon. Fujika turned back and started whispering to herself using an unrecognizable language. Suddenly, the wind started to blow strong. Fujika’s eyes started to glow as red as blood. Then, Fujika started to lift hands whilst shadows rose up and flew around and around like lost souls. People who were nearby freaked out and ran away. However, Mori’s parents were too old to run. Then, the shadows flew straight towards them and hovered over them. Fujika lowered her hands and the shadows covered them making unable to breathe. Both of them shouted as loud as they could. As time passed by, their voices started to fade away. In the end, only skeletons of Mori’s parents were left.
After that, Fujika realized that she was hungry for more. But, it was time for her to leave Mori’s family. She walked slowly as the shadows took her away to a different place, a different time and a different society.





3 Project Assignment
Project A


Meiji Period
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/meiji.htm
http://japanesehistory.info/meiji.htm

The Emperor Meiji
http://meijiemperor.net/
http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/bios/b3meiji.htm
http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Emperor-Meiji-of-Japan

Ito Hirobumi
http://www.jacar.go.jp/english/nichiro/cloud_itohhirobumi.htm
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/298017/Ito-Hirobumi/3593/Rise-to-power

Fukuzawa Yukichi
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/221689/Fukuzawa-Yukichi
http://www.zombiezodiac.com/rob/fukuzawa.htm

Saigo Takamori
http://www.squidoo.com/saigo-takamori
http://www.artelino.com/articles/saigo-takamori.asp
http://www.shibuiswords.com/saigotakamori.htm

Project B
http://www.cityofart.net/bship/sino-jap.html
http://www.russojapanesewar.com/phila-2.html
http://www.taisho.com/china.html


Project C
http://www.russojapanesewar.com/index.html
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0842745.html
http://www.cityofart.net/bship/russo_jap_war.html#war_starts


The following statistical questions relate to your booklet " The Meiji Era and Policies for Modernization" (please note my highlights and notes within the text)
1. Using the information on the restoration pp.258 - 264 explain the bar graph at the bottom of p.261
2. Using Excel could present this information in another format. Please state the format you plan to use and insert the pie chart, line chart, histogram or other chart or graph format on your own page within this wiki.
3. Like parts of the U.K. Japan went through Industrialisation rapidly. However Japan's Industrialisation was later than the U.K. Read the section titled "Economic policies and the beginnings of Industrialisation" p.p. 270- 280. Using Excel, graph (using a different graph format for each) the following statistics:
  • the Japanese merchant ship statistics at the top of p. 273
  • the amount of railway track p.274
  • gold and silver production p.274
  • land tax paid p.277

4. What was the easiest program to use in relation to displaying statistics? Why?
5. What would you like a graphing programme to do for you that you currently cannot access?


1. The bar graph at the bottom of page 261 shows the effects after the Restoration of 1868. The check marks indicate that the group is either initiated or profited while the crosses indicate that the group is either destoryed or eclipsed . This graph also shows that Japan is on its way to modernization.




2. Effects From The Restoration pg.261 - pie chart
The Japanese merchant ship statistics at the top of pg.273 - column graph
The amount of railway track on pg.274 - bar graph
Gold and silver production on pg.274 - area graph
Land tax paid - pg.277 - line graph

3.


4. I think Microsoft Excel was the easiest program to use to display statistics. You have various choices of graphs to choose from. Each of them are simple and yet very easy to create. You can customize the colours of the background, the graphs, and the text. That way, your graph can look very outstanding and creative. Compared to other programs, Excel lets you have custom chart layouts. With chart layouts, you can choose what to show on the graph.

5. I want graphing programs to have some special effects to the graph when it is created. Some flashing on the graphs would be great instead of a plain colour. Even if you can change the colours, I think, its best if we have more creativity and effects to the graphs.